• Ankit Goswami

What are the Standard Specifications of Non Ferrous Scrap Metals?

Updated: Dec 2, 2019


Standard Specifications of Non Ferrous Scrap Metals

In scrap industry, people often use 'code' as specified by ISRI guidelines to describe corresponding metal scrap. For example, code 'Barley', refers to No. 1 Copper Wire. These codes and specification details are provided by ISRI for various kinds of scraps but in this blog we will be focusing only on Non-Ferrous Scrap Metals ( Copper, Aluminum, Stainless Steel and Brass) as these are the scrap our company, AG UNIVERSAL USA LLC, does business in. Along with the codes, you will also find content, specification and other details. This has been very useful for me while navigating through the scrap industry and while having conversation with suppliers and customers. I hope you find it useful too.


Feel free to reach out for any questions, feedback or inputs.





Guidelines for Nonferrous Scrap






COPPER SCRAP




Barley No. 1 COPPER WIRE

Shall consist of No. 1 bare, uncoated, unalloyed cop- per wire, not smaller than No. 16 B & S wire gauge. Green copper wire and hydraulically compacted material to be subject to agreement between buyer and seller.


Berry No. 1 COPPER WIRE

Shall consist of clean, untinned, uncoated, unalloyed copper wire and cable, not smaller than No. 16 B & S wire gauge, free of burnt wire which is brittle. Hydraulically briquetted copper subject to agree- ment.


Birch No. 2 COPPER WIRE

Shall consist of miscellaneous, unalloyed copper wire having a nominal 96% copper content (mini- mum 94%) as determined by electrolytic assay. Should be free of the following: Excessively leaded, tinned, soldered copper wire; brass and bronze wire; excessive oil content, iron, and non-metallics; copper wire from burning, containing insulation; hair wire; burnt wire which is brittle; and should be reasonably free of ash. Hydraulically briquetted copper subject to agreement.


Candy No. 1 HEAVY COPPER

Shall consist of clean, unalloyed, uncoated copper clippings, punchings, bus bars, commutator segments, and wire not less than 1/16 of an inch thick, free of burnt wire which is brittle; but may include clean cop- per tubing. Hydraulically briquetted copper subject to agreement.


Cliff No. 2 COPPER

Shall consist of miscellaneous, unalloyed copper scrap having a nominal 96% copper content (mini- mum 94%) as determined by electrolytic assay.

Should be free of the following: Excessively leaded, tinned, soldered copper scrap; brasses and bronzes; excessive oil content, iron and non-metallics; cop- per tubing with other than copper connections or with sediment; copper wire from burning, containing insulation; hair wire; burnt wire which is brittle; and should be reasonably free of ash. Hydraulically bri- quetted copper subject to agreement.


Clove No. 1 COPPER WIRE NODULES

Shall consist of No. 1 bare, uncoated, unalloyed cop- per wire scrap nodules, chopped or shredded, free of tin, lead, zinc, aluminum, iron, other metallic impurities, insulation, and other foreign contamination. Minimum copper 99%. Gauge smaller than No. 16 B & S wire and hydraulically compacted material sub- ject to agreement between buyer and seller.


Cobra No. 2 COPPER WIRE NODULES

Shall consist of No. 2 unalloyed copper wire scrap nodules, chopped or shredded, minimum 97% cop- per. Maximum metal impurities not to exceed 0.50% aluminum and 1% each of other metals or insulation. Hydraulically compacted material subject to agreement between buyer and seller.

Cocoa COPPER WIRE NODULES

Shall consist of unalloyed copper wire scrap nodules, chopped or shredded, minimum 99% copper. Shall be free of excessive insulation and other non-metallics. Maximum metal impurities as follows:

Aluminum .05%

Antimony .01%

Tin .25%

Iron .05%

Nickel .05%

Hydraulically compacted material subject to agreement between buyer and seller.


Dream LIGHT COPPER

Shall consist of miscellaneous, unalloyed copper scrap having a nominal 92% copper content (mini- mum 88%) as determined by electrolytic assay and shall consist of sheet copper, gutters, downspouts, kettles, boilers, and similar scrap. Should be free of the following: Burnt hair wire; copper clad; plating racks; grindings; copper wire from burning, containing insulation; radiators and fire extinguishers; refrigerator units; electrotype shells; screening; excessively leaded, tinned, soldered scrap; brasses and bronzes; excessive oil, iron and non-metallics; and should be reasonably free of ash. Hydraulically briquetted copper subject to agreement. Any items excluded in this grade are also excluded in the higher grades above.


Drink REFINERY BRASS

Shall contain a minimum of 61.3% copper and maxi- mum 5% iron and to consist of brass and bronze solids and turnings, and alloyed and contaminated copper scrap. Shall be free of insulated wire, grindings, electrotype shells and non-metallics. Hydraulically briquetted material subject to agreement.


Droid INSULATED COPPER WIRE SCRAP

Shall consist of No. 2 copper wire (see Birch) with various types of insulation. To be sold on a sample or recovery basis, subject to agreement between buyer and seller. Existence of jelly wire subject to agreement between buyer and seller.


Drove COPPER-BEARING SCRAP

Shall consist of miscellaneous copper-containing skimmings, grindings, ashes, irony brass and copper, residues and slags. Shall be free of insulated wires; copper chlorides; unprepared tangled material; large motors; pyrophoric material; asbestos brake lin- ings; furnace bottoms; high lead materials; graphite crucibles; and noxious and explosive materials. Fine powdered material by agreement. Hydraulically briquetted material subject to agreement.


Druid INSULATED COPPER WIRE SCRAP

Shall consist of No. 1 bare, uncoated, unalloyed cop- per wire (see Barley), not smaller than No. 16 B & S wire gauge (unless smaller wire gauge is mutually agreed upon), with various types of insulation. To be sold on sample or recovery basis, subject to agreement between buyer and seller.




BRASS SCRAP




Ebony COMPOSITION OR RED BRASS

Shall consist of red brass scrap, valves, machinery bearings and other machinery parts, including miscellaneous castings made of copper, tin, zinc, and/or lead. Shall be free of semi-red brass castings (78% to 81% copper); railroad car boxes and other similar high-lead alloys; cocks and faucets; closed water meters; gates; pot pieces; ingots and burned brass; aluminum, silicon, and manganese bronzes; iron and non-metallics. No piece to measure more than 12” over any one part or weigh over 100 lbs. Heavier pieces acceptable upon mutual agreement between buyer and seller.


Ebulent LEAD-FREE BISMUTH BRASS SOLIDS

Shall consist of scrap castings alloyed with copper, tin, bismuth, and zinc. Castings shall be free of leaded brass attachments and have less than 0.2% alloyed lead or as agreed between buyer and seller. Examples that meet this specification include, but are not limited to, CDA 89833/35/36/37/41/42 and 45.


Ecstatic LEAD-FREE BISMUTH BRASS TURNINGS

Shall consist of scrap borings and turnings alloyed with copper, tin, bismuth, and zinc. Turnings shall be unmixed and have less than 0.2% alloyed lead or as agreed between buyer and seller. Examples that meet this specification include, but are not limited to, CDA 89833/35/36/37/41/42 and 45.


Eland HIGH GRADE—LOW LEAD BRONZE/BRASS SOLIDS

It is recommended these materials be sold by analysis.


Elder GENUINE BABBITT-LINED BRASS BUSHINGS

Shall consist of red brass bushings and bearings from automobiles and other machinery, shall contain not less than 12% high tin-base babbitt, and shall be free of iron-backed bearings.


Elias HIGH LEAD BRONZE SOLIDS AND BORINGS

It is recommended that these materials be sold on sample or analysis.


Enerv RED BRASS COMPOSITION TURNINGS

Shall consist of turnings from red brass composition material and should be sold subject to sample or analysis.


Engel MACHINERY OR HARD BRASS SOLIDS

Shall have a copper content of not less than 75%, a tin content of not less than 6%, and a lead content of not less than 6% nor more than 11%, and total impurities, exclusive of zinc, antimony, and nickel of not more than 0.75%; the antimony content not to exceed 0.50%. Shall be free of lined and unlined standard red car boxes.


Erin MACHINERY OR HARD BRASS BORINGS

Shall have a copper content of not less than 75%, a tin content of not less than 6%, and a lead content of not less than 6% nor more than 11%, and the total impurities, exclusive of zinc, antimony, and nickel of not more than 0.75%; the antimony content not to exceed 0.50%.


Fence UNLINED STANDARD RED CAR BOXES (CLEAN JOURNALS)

Shall consist of standard unlined and/or sweated railroad boxes and unlined and/or sweated car journal bearings, free of yellow boxes and iron-backed boxes.


Ferry LINED STANDARD RED CAR BOXES (LINED JOURNALS)

Shall consist of standard babbitt-lined railroad boxes and/or babbitt-lined car journal bearings, free of yellow boxes and iron-backed boxes.


Grape COCKS AND FAUCETS

Shall consist of mixed clean red and yellow brass, including chrome or nickel-plated, free of gas cocks, beer faucets, and aluminum and zinc base die cast material, and to contain a minimum of 35% semi- red.


Honey YELLOW BRASS SCRAP

Shall consist of mixed yellow brass solids, including brass castings, rolled brass, rod brass, tubing and miscellaneous yellow brasses, including plated brass. Must be free of manganese-bronze, aluminum- bronze, unsweated radiators or radiator parts, iron, and excessively dirty and corroded materials. Must also be free of any type of munitions including, but not limited to, bullet casings.


Ivory YELLOW BRASS CASTINGS

Shall consist of yellow brass castings in crucible shape, no piece to measure more than 12 inches over any one part; and shall be free of brass forgings, silicon bronze, aluminum bronze and manganese bronze, and not to contain more than 15% nickel plated material.


Label NEW BRASS CLIPPINGS

Shall consist of the cuttings of new unleaded yellow brass sheet or plate, to be clean and free from foreign substances and not to contain more than 10% of clean brass punchings under 1/4 inch. To be free of Muntz metal and naval brass.


Lace BRASS SHELL CASES WITHOUT PRIMERS

Shall consist of clean fired 70/30 brass shell cases free of primers and any other foreign material. For material to be exported from the United States,

all shells must be sufficiently mutilated to prevent reuse and reloading.


Lady BRASS SHELL CASES WITH PRIMERS

Shall consist of clean fired 70/30 brass shell cases containing the brass primers, and containing no other foreign material. For material to be exported from the United States, all shells must be sufficiently mutilated to prevent reuse and reloading.

Lake BRASS SMALL ARMS AND RIFLE SHELLS, CLEAN FIRED

Shall consist of clean fired 70/30 brass shells free of bullets, iron and any other foreign material. For material to be exported from the United States, all shells must be sufficiently mutilated to prevent reuse and reloading.


Lamb BRASS SMALL ARMS AND RIFLE SHELLS, CLEAN MUFFLED (POPPED)

Shall consist of clean muffled (popped) 70/30 brass shells free of bullets, iron and any other foreign mate- rial. For material to be exported from the United States, all shells must be sufficiently mutilated to prevent reuse and reloading.


Lark YELLOW BRASS PRIMER

Shall consist of clean yellow brass primers, burnt or unburnt. Shall be free of iron, excessive dirt, corro- sion and any other foreign material.


Maize MIXED NEW NICKEL SILVER CLIPPINGS

Shall consist of one or more nickel silver alloys and the range of nickel content to be specified, free of chrome or any other plating material. Leaded nickel silver clippings should be packed and sold separately. Not to contain more than 10% of clean punchings under 1/4 inch.


Major NEW NICKEL SILVER CLIPPINGS AND SOLIDS

Shall consist of new, clean nickel silver clippings, plate, rod and forgings, and other rolled shapes, free of chrome or any other plating material. Must be sold on nickel content specifications such as 10%– 12%–15%– 18%–20%. Leaded nickel silver clippings should be packed and sold separately. A description as to its physical characteristics should be made in offering all nickel silver material.


Malar NEW SEGREGATED NICKEL SILVER CLIPPINGS

Shall consist of one specified nickel silver alloy. Not to contain more than 10% of clean punchings under 1/4 inch.


Malic OLD NICKEL SILVER

Shall consist of old nickel silver sheet, pipe, rod, tubes, wire, screen, soldered or unsoldered. Must not be trimmed seams alone, and must also be free of foreign substances, iron rimmed material and other metals.


Melon BRASS PIPE

Shall consist of brass pipe free of plated and soldered materials or pipes with cast brass connections. To be sound, clean pipes free of sediment and condenser tubes.


Naggy NICKEL SILVER CASTINGS

To be packed and sold separately.


Niece NICKEL SILVER TURNINGS

To be sold by sample or analysis.

Nascent LEADED BRASS SCRAP TURNINGS

Shall consist of scrap borings and turnings alloyed with copper, zinc, and lead. Turnings shall be unmixed and have less than 0.01% alloyed bismuth and silicon each and other impurities as agreed between buyer and seller.


Niche LEADED BRASS SCRAP ROD ENDS AND FORGINGS

Shall consist of scrap rod ends and forgings alloyed with copper, zinc, and lead. Solids shall have less than 0.01% alloyed bismuth and silicon each and other impurities as agreed between buyer and seller.


Night YELLOW BRASS ROD TURNINGS

Shall consist strictly of rod turnings, free of aluminum, manganese, composition, Tobin and Muntz metal turnings; not to contain over 3% free iron, oil or other moisture; to be free of grindings and bab- bitts; to contain not more than 0.30% tin and not more than 0.15% alloyed iron.


Noble NEW YELLOW BRASS ROD ENDS

Shall consist of new, clean rod ends from free turning brass rods or forging rods, not to contain more than 0.30% tin and not more than 0.15% alloyed iron. To be free of Muntz metal and naval brass or any other alloys. To be in pieces not larger than 12” and free of foreign matter.


Nomad YELLOW BRASS TURNINGS

Shall consist of yellow brass turnings, free of aluminum, manganese and composition turnings, not to contain over 3% of free iron, oil or other moisture; to be free of grindings and babbitts. To avoid dis- pute, to be sold subject to sample or analysis.


Ocean MIXED UNSWEATED AUTO RADIATORS

Shall consist of mixed automobile radiators, to be free of aluminum radiators, and iron-finned radia- tors. All radiators to be subject to deduction of actual iron. The tonnage specification should cover the gross weight of the radiators, unless otherwise specified.


Pales BRASS CONDENSER TUBES

Shall consist of clean condenser tubing which may be plated or unplated, free of excessive corroded material as mutually agreed. Upon mutual agreement between buyer and seller, may be in the form of whole bundles including iron and/or brass heads as well as iron and/or brass baffles.


Pallu ALUMINUM BRASS CONDENSER TUBES

Shall consist of clean sound condenser tubing which may be plated or unplated, free of nickel alloy and corroded material.


Palms MUNTZ METAL TUBES

Shall consist of clean sound Muntz metal tubing which may be plated or unplated, free of nickel alloy, aluminum alloy, and corroded material.


Parch MANGANESE BRONZE SOLIDS

Shall have a copper content of not less than 55%, a lead content of not more than 1%, and shall be free of aluminum bronze and silicon bronze.




ALUMINUM SCRAP





Tablet CLEAN ALUMINUM LITHOGRAPHIC SHEETS

To consist of 1000 and/or 3000 series alloys, to be free of paper, plastic, excessively inked sheets, and any other contaminants. Minimum size of 3” (8 cm) in any direction.


Tabloid NEW, CLEAN ALUMINUM LITHOGRAPHIC SHEETS

To consist of 1000 and/or 3000 series alloys, uncoated, unpainted, to be free of paper, plastic, ink, and any other contaminants. Minimum size of 3” (8 cm) in any direction.


Taboo MIXED LOW COPPER ALUMINUM CLIPPINGS AND SOLIDS

Shall consist of new, clean, uncoated and unpainted low copper aluminum scrap of two or more alloys with a minimum thickness of 0.015 inches (.38 mm) and to be free of 2000 and 7000 series, hair wire, wire screen, punchings less 1/2 inch (1.25 cm) diameter, dirt, and other non-metallic items. Grease and oil not to total more than 1%. Variations to this specification should be agreed upon prior to shipment between the buyer and seller.


Taint/ Tabor CLEAN MIXED OLD ALLOY SHEET ALUMINUM

Shall consist of clean old alloy aluminum sheet of two or more alloys, free of foil, venetian blinds, castings, hair wire, screen wire, food or beverage containers, radiator shells, airplane sheet, bottle caps, plastic, dirt, and other non-metallic items. Oil and grease not to total more than 1%. Up to 10% Tale permitted.


Take NEW ALUMINUM CAN STOCK

Shall consist of new low copper aluminum can stock and clippings, clean, lithographed or not litho- graphed, and coated with clear lacquer but free of

lids with sealers, iron, dirt and other foreign contamination. Oil not to exceed 1%.


Talc POST-CONSUMER ALUMINUM CAN SCRAP

Shall consist of old aluminum food and/or beverage cans. The material is to be free of other scrap metals, foil, tin cans, plastic bottles, paper, glass, and other non-metallic items. Variations to this specification should be agreed upon prior to shipment between the buyer and seller.


Talcred SHREDDED ALUMINUM USED BEVERAGE CAN (UBC) SCRAP

Shall have a density of 12 to 17 pounds per cubic foot (193 to 273 kg/m3). Material should contain maximum 5% fines less than 4 mesh (U.S. standard screen size) (6.35 mm). Must be magnetically separated material and free of steel, lead, bottle caps, plastic cans and other plastics, glass, wood, dirt, grease, trash, and other foreign substances. Any free lead is basis for rejection. Any and all aluminum items, other than used beverage cans, are not acceptable. Variations to this specification should

be agreed upon prior to shipment between the seller and buyer.


Taldack DENSIFIED ALUMINUM USED BEVERAGE CAN (UBC) SCRAP

Shall have a biscuit density of 35 to 50 pounds per cubic foot (562 to 802 kg/m3). Each biscuit not to exceed 60 pounds (27.2 kg). Nominal biscuit size range from 10” to 13” x 101/4” (25.4 x 33 x 26 cm) to

20” x 61/4” x 9” (50.8 x 15.9 x 22.9 cm). Shall have banding slots in both directions to facilitate bundle banding. All biscuits comprising a bundle must be of uniform size. Size: Bundle range dimensions accept- able are 41” to 44” x 51” (104 to 112 cm) to 54” x

54” (137 x 137 cm) to 56” (142 cm) high. The only acceptable tying method shall be as follows: Using minimum 5/8” (1.6 cm) wide by .020” (.05 cm) thick steel straps, the bundles are to be banded with one vertical band per row and a minimum of two firth (horizontal) bands per bundle. Use of skids and/or support sheets of any material is not acceptable.

Must be magnetically separated material and free of steel, lead, bottle caps, plastic cans and other plastic, glass, wood, dirt, grease, trash, and other foreign substances. Any free lead is basis for rejection. Any and all aluminum items, other than used beverage cans, are not acceptable. Items not covered in the specifications, including moisture, and any variations to this specification should be agreed upon prior to shipment between the seller and buyer.


Taldon BALED ALUMINUM USED BEVERAGE CAN (UBC) SCRAP

Shall have a minimum density of 14 pounds per cubic foot (225 kg/m3), and a maximum density of 17 pounds per cubic foot (273 kg/m3) for unflattened UBC and 22 pounds per cubic foot (353 kg/m3) for flattened UBC. Size: Minimum 30 cubic feet (.85 m3), with bale range dimensions of 24” to 40” (61 to 132

cm) by 30” to 52” (76 to 132 cm) by 40” to 84”(102 to 213 cm). The only acceptable tying method shall be as follows: four to six 5/8” (1.6 cm) x .020” (5 mm) steel bands, or six to ten #13 gauge steel wires (aluminum bands or wires are acceptable in equivalent strength and number). Use of skids and/

or support sheets of any material is not acceptable. Must be magnetically separated material and free of steel, lead, bottle caps, plastic cans and other plastic, glass, wood, dirt, grease, trash, and other foreign substances. Any free lead is basis for rejection. Any and all aluminum items, other than used beverage cans, are not acceptable. Variations to this specification should be agreed upon prior to shipment between the buyer and seller.


Taldork BRIQUETUED ALUMINUM USED BEVERAGE CAN (UBC) SCRAP

Shall have a briquette density of 50 pounds per cubic foot (800 kg/m3) minimum. Nominal briquette size shall range from 12” to 24” (30.5 x 61 cm) x

12” to 24” (30.5 x 61 cm) in uniform profile with a

variable length of 8” (20.3 cm) minimum and 48” (122 cm) maximum. Briquettes shall be bundled or stacked on skids and secured with a minimum of one vertical band per row and a minimum of one girth band per horizontal layer. Briquettes not to over- hang pallet. Total package height shall be 48 (122 cm) maximum. Banding shall be at least 5/8” (1.6 cm) wide by .020” (5 mm) thick steel strapping or

equivalent strength. The weight of any bundle shall not exceed 4,000 pounds (1.814 mt). Material must be magnetically separated and free of steel, plastic, glass, dirt and all other foreign substances. Any and all aluminum items other than UBC are unacceptable. Any free lead is basis for rejection. Items not covered in the specification, including moisture, and any variations to this specification should be agreed upon prior to shipment between the buyer and seller.


Tale PAINTED SIDING

Shall consist of clean, low copper aluminum siding scrap, painted one or two sides, free of plastic coating, iron, dirt, corrosion, fiber, foam, or fiberglass backing or other non-metallic items.


Talk ALUMINUM COPPER RADIATORS

Shall consist of clean aluminum and copper radiators, and/or aluminum fins on copper tubing, free of brass tubing, iron and other foreign contamination.


Tall E.C. ALUMINUM NODULES

Shall consist of clean E.C. aluminum, chopped or shredded, free of screening, hair-wire, iron, copper, insulation and other non-metallic items. Must be free of minus 20 mesh material. Must contain 99.45% aluminum content.


Tally ALL ALUMINUM RADIATORS FROM AUTOMOBILES

Shall consist of clean aluminum radiators and/or condensers. Should be free of all other types of radiators. All contaminants including iron, plastic, and foam not to exceed 1% of weight. Any deviation to this specification, including oxidation and aluminum content, to be negotiated between buyer and seller.


Talon NEW PURE ALUMINUM WIRE AND CABLE

Shall consist of new, clean, unalloyed aluminum wire or cable free from hair wire, ACSR, wire screen, iron, insulation and other non-metallic items.


Tann NEW MIXED ALUMINUM WIRE AND CABLE

Shall consist of new, clean, unalloyed aluminum wire or cable which may contain up to 10% 6000 series wire and cable free from hair wire, wire screen, iron, insulation and other non-metallic items.


Tarry A CLEAN ALUMINUM PISTONS

Shall consist of clean aluminum pistons to be free from struts, bushings, shafts, iron rings and non- metallic items. Oil and grease not to exceed 2%.


Tarry B CLEAN ALUMINUM PISTONS WITH STRUTS

Shall consist of clean whole aluminum pistons with struts. Material is to be free from bushings, shafts, iron and non-metallic items . Oil and grease not to exceed 2%.


Tarry C IRONY ALUMINUM PISTONS

Shall consist of aluminum pistons with non-aluminum attachments to be sold on a recovery basis or by special arrangement between buyer and seller.


Tassel OLD MIXED ALUMINUM WIRE AND CABLE

Shall consist of old, unalloyed aluminum wire and cable which may contain up to 10% 6000 series wire and cable with not over 1% free oxide or dirt and free from hair wire, wire screen, iron, insulation and other non-metallic items.


Taste OLD PURE ALUMINUM WIRE AND CABLE

Shall consist of old, unalloyed aluminum wire and cable containing not over 1% free oxide or dirt and free from hair wire, wire screen, iron, insulation and other non-metallic items.


Tata NEW PRODUCTION ALUMINUM EXTRUSIONS

Shall consist of one alloy (typically 6063). Material may contain “butt ends” from the extrusion pro- cess but must be free of any foreign contamination. Anodized material is acceptable. Painted material or alloys other than 6063 must be agreed upon by buyer and seller.


Toto ALUMINUM EXTRUSIONS “10/10”

Material to consist of new production and old/used 6063 extrusions that may contain up to (but not exceed) 10 percent painted extrusions and 10 per- cent 6061 alloy extrusions. Must not contain other alloys of aluminum. Material should be free of zinc corners, iron attachments, felt, plastic, paper, card- board, thermo break, and dirt and other contaminants.


Tutu ALUMINUM EXTRUSION DEALER GRADE

Shall consist of old extruded aluminum of one alloy, typically alloy 6063, 6061, or 7075. Material must be free of iron, thermo break, saw chips, zinc corners, dirt, paper, cardboard, and other foreign contamination. Percentages of paint or other alloys to be agreed upon by buyer and seller.


Teens SEGREGATED ALUMINUM BORINGS AND TURNINGS

Shall consist of aluminum borings and turnings of one specified alloy. Material should be free of oxidation, dirt, free iron, stainless steel, magnesium, oil, flammable liquids, moisture and other non-metallic items. Fines should not exceed 3% through a 20 mesh (U.S. standard) screen.


Telic MIXED ALUMINUM BORINGS AND TURNINGS

Shall consist of clean, uncorroded aluminum borings and turnings of two or more alloys and subject to deductions for fines in excess of 3% through a 20 mesh screen and dirt, free iron, oil, moisture and all other non-metallic items. Material containing iron in excess of 10% and/or free magnesium or stainless steel or containing highly flammable cutting com- pounds will not constitute good delivery. To avoid dispute, material should be sold on basis of definite maximum zinc, tin and magnesium content.


Tense MIXED ALUMINUM CASTINGS

Shall consist of all clean aluminum castings which may contain auto and airplane castings but no ingots, and to be free of iron, brass, dirt and other non-metallic items. Oil and grease not to total more than 2%.


Tepid AIRCRAFT SHEET ALUMINUM

Should be sold on recovery basis or by special arrangements with purchaser.


Terse NEW ALUMINUM FOIL

Shall consist of clean, new, pure, uncoated 1000 and/or 3000 and/or 8000 series alloy aluminum foil, free from anodized foil, radar foil and chaff, paper, plastics, or any other non-metallic items. Hydraulically briquetted material and other alloys by agreement between buyer and seller.


Tesla POST CONSUMER ALUMINUM FOIL

Shall consist of baled old household aluminum foil and formed foil containers of uncoated 1000, 3000 and 8000 series aluminum alloy. Material may be anodized and contain a maximum of 5% organic residue. Material must be free from radar chaff foil, chemically etched foil, laminated foils, iron, paper, plastic and other non-metallic contaminants.


Tetra NEW COATED ALUMINUM FOIL

Shall consist of new aluminum foil coated or laminated with ink, lacquers, paper, or plastic. Material shall be clean, dry, free of loose plastic, PVC and other non-metallic items. This foil is sold on a metal content basis or by sample as agreed between buyer and seller.


Thigh ALUMINUM GRINDINGS

Should be sold on recovery basis or by special arrangements with purchaser.


Thirl ALUMINUM DROSSES, SPATTERS, SPILLINGS, SKIMMINGS AND SWEEPINGS

Should be sold on recovery basis or by special arrangements with purchaser.


Thorn ALUMINUM BREAKAGE

Shall consist of aluminum with miscellaneous contaminants like iron, dirt, plastic and other types of contaminants. Material can either be sold based on aluminum recovery or content as agreed upon by buyer and seller. Must contain a minimum of 33% aluminum unless otherwise agreed upon by buyer and seller.


Throb SWEATED ALUMINUM

Shall consist of aluminum scrap which has been sweated or melted into a form or shape such as an ingot, sow or slab for convenience in shipping; to be free from corrosion, dross or any non-aluminum inclusions. Should be sold subject to sample or analysis.


Tooth SEGREGATED NEW ALUMINUM ALLOY CLIPPINGS AND SOLIDS

Shall consist of new, clean, uncoated and unpainted aluminum scrap of one specified aluminum alloy with a minimum thickness of .015” (.38 mm) and to be free of hair wire, wire screen, dirt and other non- metallic items. Oil and grease not to total more than 1%. Also free from punchings less than 1/2” (1.27 cm) in size.


Tough MIXED NEW ALUMINUM ALLOY CLIPPINGS AND SOLIDS

Shall consist of new, clean, uncoated and unpainted aluminum scrap of two or more alloys with a mini- mum thickness of .015” (.38 mm) and to be free of hair wire, wire screen, dirt and other non-metallic items. Oil and grease not to total more than 1%. Also free from punchings less than 1/2” (1.27 cm) in size.


Tread SEGREGATED NEW ALUMINUM CASTINGS, FORGINGS AND EXTRUSIONS

Shall consist of new, clean, uncoated aluminum castings, forgings, and extrusions of one specified alloy only and to be free from sawings, stainless steel, zinc, iron, dirt, oil, grease and other non-metallic items.


Troma Aluminum Auto or Truck Wheels

Shall consist of clean, single-piece, unplated aluminum wheels of a single specified alloy, free of all inserts, steel, wheel weights, valve stems, tires,

grease and oil and other non-metallic items. Variations to this specification should be agreed upon prior to shipment between the buyer and seller.


Trump ALUMINUM AUTO CASTINGS

Shall consist of all clean automobile aluminum castings of sufficient size to be readily identified and to be free from iron, dirt, brass, bushings, and non-metallic items. Oil and grease not to total more than 2%.


Trill ACSR

Aluminum Conductor Steel Reinforced (ACSR) wire is a combination of steel and aluminum wire, of various configurations, with the expected aluminum recovery agreed upon by the buyer and the seller. Material to be free of other wires and cables unless mutually agreed upon.


Twang IAW

Insulated aluminum wire, which may or may not contain other wires or metal shielding, with the expect- ed aluminum recovery agreed upon by the buyer and the seller. The material to be free of other wires and cables unless mutually agreed upon.


Twirl FRAGMENTIZER AIRCRAFT ALUMINUM SCRAP (2000 and 7000 series)

The material as received must be dry and not to contain more than 2% free zinc, 1% maximum free magnesium, and 1.5% maximum free iron and stainless with a maximum of 2% analytical iron. Not to contain more than a total 5% maximum of non-metallics, of which no more than 1% shall be rubber and plastics. To be free of excessively oxidized material. Any variations to be sold by special arrangement between buyer and seller.


Twist ALUMINUM AIRPLANE CASTINGS

Shall consist of clean aluminum castings from air- planes and to be free from iron, dirt, brass, bushings, and non-metallic items. Oil and grease not to total more than 2%.

Twitch FLOATED FRAGMENTIZER ALUMINUM SCRAP (from Automobile Shredders)

Derived from wet or dry media separation device, the material must be dry and not contain more than 1% maximum free zinc, 1% maximum free magnesium, and 1% maximum of analytical iron. Not to contain more than a total 2% maximum of non-metallics, of which no more than 1% shall be rubber and plastics. To be free of excessively oxidized material, air bag canisters, or any sealed or pressurized items. Any variation to be sold by special arrangement between buyer and seller.


Tweak FRAGMENTIZER ALUMINUM SCRAP (from Automobile Shredders)

Derived from either mechanical or hand separation, the material must be dry and not contain more than 4% maximum free zinc, 1% maximum free magnesium, and 1.5% maximum of analytical iron. Not to contain more than a total 5% maximum of non- metallics, of which no more than 1% shall be rubber

and plastics. To be free of excessively oxidized mate- rial, air bag canisters, or any sealed or pressurized items. Any variation to be sold by special arrangement between buyer and seller.


Twire BURNT FRAGMENTIZER ALUMINUM SCRAP (from Automobile Shredders)

Incinerated or burned material must be dry and not contain more than X% (% to be agreed upon by buy- er and seller) ash from incineration, 4% maximum free zinc, 1% maximum free magnesium, and 1.5% maximum of analytical iron. Not to contain more than a total 5% maximum of non-metallics, of which no more than 1% shall be rubber and plastics. To be free of excessively oxidized material, air bag canisters, or any sealed pressurized items. Any variation to be sold by special arrangement between buyer and seller.


Zorba SHREDDED NONFERROUS SCRAP (predominantly aluminum) Shall be made up of a combination of the nonferrous metals: aluminum, copper, lead, magnesium, stainless steel, nickel, tin, and zinc, in elemental or alloyed (solid) form. The percentage of each metal within the nonferrous concentrate shall be subject to agreement between buyer and seller. Material generated by eddy current, air separation, flotation, screening, other segregation technique(s), or a combination thereof. Shall have passed one or more

magnets to reduce or eliminate free iron and/or large iron attachments. Shall be free of radioactive mate- rial, dross, or ash. Material to be bought/sold under this guideline shall be identified as “Zorba” with a number to follow indicating the estimated percent- age nonferrous metal content of the material (e.g., “Zorba 90” means the material contains approximately 90% nonferrous metal content). May also

be screened to permit description by specific size ranges. (Refer also to Zorba under Mixed Metals.)



STAINLESS STEEL





201 - An austenitic, non-magnetic, stainless steel 201 has the following composition. It is Chromium (16% – 18%), and Nickel (3.5% – 5.5%). It contains higher amounts of Manganese (5.5%-7.5%) and Nitrogen, and lower amounts of Nickel than type 304 steel.


201L - Iron, Fe 72%, Chromium, Cr 16-18%, Manganese, Mn 5.50 - 7.50%, Nickel, Ni 3.50 - 5.50%, Silicon, Si ≤ 0.75%, Nitrogen, N ≤ 0.25%, Carbon, C ≤ 0.030%.

202 - 202 has 16-18% chromium and 0.5-4.0% nickel, whilst 304 has 18-20% chromium and 8-10.5% nickel. There are other minor differences in the amount of carbon (0.08% in 304 and 0.12% in 202), manganese (2% in 304 and 5.5-7.5% in 202), as well as slight differences in the silicon, phosphorus and molybdenum contents.


204Cu - Alloy 204CU is a chromium-magnesium austenitic stainless steel with an addition of 2-4% copper and nitrogen of 0.05-0.25%. Due to the addition of copper the alloy has better formability than 201 and 304. The copper improves corrosion and resistance to stress corrosion cracking in certain media.


301- Type 301 is an austenitic stainless steel with a nominal composition of 17 percent chromium and 7 percent nickel, which provides good strength and ductility when cold worked. It also has excellent corrosion resistance properties. 301 is well suited to welding and forming and drawing.

Carbon 0.150% maximum, Manganese 2.000% maximum, Phosphorus 0.045% maximum, Sulfur 0.030% maximum, Silicon 1.00% maximum, Chromium 16.00 - 18.00%, Nickel 6.000 - 8.000%, Nitrogen 0.10% maximum.

303 - Alloy 303 is a non-magnetic, austenitic stainless steel that is not hardenable by heat treatment. It is the free machining modification of the basic 18% chromium / 8% nickel stainless steel.


304 - Type 304 Stainless Steel is a Chromium-Nickel austenitic alloy that has a minimum of 18% chromium, 8% nickel and a maximum of 0.08% carbon. It is the most versatile and most widely used stainless steel.


304L - Cr-18-20, Ni-8-10, C-0.035, Mn-2, Si-1, S-0.03, P-0.045.


309 - Iron, Fe 60%, Chromium, Cr 23%, Nickel, Ni 14%, Manganese, Mn 2%, Silicon, Si 1%, Carbon, C 0.20%, Phosphorous, P 0.045%, Sulfur, S 0.030%


310 - Grade 310 Stainless Steel is a medium carbon austenitic alloy. It comprises of 19-22% Nickel, 24-26% Chromium, under 3% each of Manganese, Tin, Phosphorus and Carbon.


316 - 316 / 316L are austenitic stainless steels that contain molybdenum, which increases their resistance to many chemical corrodents and marine environments. 316L is an extra low carbon version of 316 stainless steel. These materials are more resistant to general corrosion and pitting/crevices than conventional austenitic stainless steels. Carbon 0.08% max, Manganese 2.00% max , Silicon 0.75% max, Chromium 16.00 - 18.00%, Nickel 10.00 - 14.00%, Molybdenum 2.00 - 3.00%, Phosphorus 0.045% max, Sulfur 0.030% max, Nitrogen 0.10% max, Iron Balance.


316L - Grade 316L, the low carbon version of 316 and is immune from sensitisation (grain boundary carbide precipitation). Thus it is extensively used in heavy gauge welded components (over about 6mm). There is commonly no appreciable price difference between 316 and 316L stainless steel. Fe, <0.03% C, 16-18.5% Cr, 10-14% Ni, 2-3% Mo, <2% Mn, <1% Si, <0.045% P, <0.03% S​


321 - 321 is a titanium stabilized austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel which was developed to provide an 18-8 type alloy with improved intergranular-corrosion resistance. This material is stabilized against chromium carbide formation by the addition of titanium. Since titanium has a stronger affinity for carbon than chromium, titanium carbide precipitates within the grains instead of forming at the grain boundaries. 321 stainless steel should be considered for applications requiring intermittent heating between 800ºF (427ºC) and 1650ºF (899ºC), or for welding under conditions which prevent a post-weld anneal.  321 stainless steel is non-magnetic. Carbon 0.08%, Manganese 2.00%, Phosphorus 0.045%, Sulfur 0.030%, Silicon 0.75%, Chromium17.00 -19.00%, Nickel 9.00-12.00%, Titanium 5x(C+N) min to 0.70 max, Nitrogen 0.10%, Iron Balance


904L - Grade 904L stainless steel is a non-stabilized austenitic stainless steel with low carbon content. This high alloy stainless steel is added with copper to improve its resistance to strong reducing acids, such as sulphuric acid. The steel is also resistant to stress corrosion cracking and crevice corrosion. Grade 904L is non-magnetic, and offers excellent formability, toughness and weldability. Grade 904L contains high amounts of expensive ingredients, such as molybdenum and nickel. C 0.02% max, Mn 2% max, Si 1% max, P 0.045% max, S 0.035% max, Cr 19-23% max, Mo 4 -5% max, Ni 23-28% max, Cu 1-2% max.


416 - Grade 416 steel is a free-machining stainless steel with a machinability of 85%, highest of all stainless steels. With most of the free-machining stainless steels, the machinability can be improved by adding sulphur, which leads to the formation of manganese sulphide inclusions. Addition of sulphur also reduces the formability, weldability and corrosion resistance of 416 steels to below that of grade 410. Because of their high machinability and low cost, grade 416 steels are available in highly tempered, hardened or unhardened forms. Fe, <0.15% C, 12.0-14.0% Cr, <1.25% Mn, <1.0% Si, <0.06% P, >0.15% S


420 - Grade 420 stainless steel is a high-carbon steel with a minimum chromium content of 12%. Like any other stainless steel, grade 420 can also be hardened through heat treatment. It offers good ductility in its annealed state and excellent corrosion resistance properties when the metal is polished, surface grounded or hardened. This grade has the highest hardness - 50HRC - among all the stainless steel grades with 12% chromium. Fe, <0.15% C, 12.0-14.0% Cr, <1.0% Mn, <1.0% Si, <0.04% P, >0.03% S


431 - Fe, <0.20% C, 15-17% Cr, 1.25-2.50% Ni, <1.00% Mn, <1% Si, <0.040% P, <0.03% S


409 - Grade 409 stainless steel is a Ferritic steel that offers good mechanical properties and high-temperature corrosion resistance. It is commonly considered as a chromium stainless steel, with applications in exhaust systems of automobiles and applications that demand weldability. Fe, <0.08% C, 10.5-11.75% Cr, <0.5% Ni, <1.0% Mn, <1.0% Si, <0.045% P, <0.03% S, 6x%C-0.75% Ti


430F - Stainless steel grade 430 is a non-hardenable steel containing straight chromium, and belongs to the ferritic group of steels. This steel is known for its good corrosion resistance and formability, coupled with practical mechanical properties. Fe, <0.12% C, 16-18% Cr, <0.75% Ni, <1.0% Mn, <1.0% Si, <0.040% P, <0.030% S


434 - Type 434 is one of the most widely used of the "non-hardenable" ferritic stainless steels. The addition of molybdenum increases this alloy's corrosin resistance and its attack to many deicing chemicals. Carbon: 0.08 max, Manganese: 1.00 max, Silicon: 0.60 max, Chromium: 16.00 - 18.00, Nickel: 0.50 max, Molybdenum: 0.75- 1.25, Phosphorus: 0.040 max, Sulfur: 0.030 max, Copper: 0.50 max, Iron: Balance


441 - Chromium, Cr 17.50-18.50%, Titanium, Ti + Niobium, Nb 0.60% max, Carbon, C 0.02% max, Iron, Fe Balance.


Source: ISRI, Google, AG UNIVERSAL USA LLC.






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Source: AG UNIVERSAL USA LLC, Google, ISRI, Wikipedia

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